We provide a framework in which monetary policy affects firms' automation decisions (i.e.
how intensively capital and labor are used in production). This new feature has far-reaching
consequences for monetary policy. Monetary expansions can increase output by inducing firms to invest and automate more, while having little impact on inflation and employment. A protracted period of weak demand might translate into less investment and de-automation, rather than into deflation and involuntary unemployment. Running the economy hot, through expansionary
monetary and fiscal policies, may have a positive long run impact on labor productivity
and wages. Technological advances that increase the scope for automation may give rise to persistent unemployment, unless they are accompanied by expansionary macroeconomic policies.
Bio: Martin Wolf is a macroeconomist working on Monetary Economics, Economic Growth and International Economics. He obtained his PhD in 2017 from the University of Bonn in Germany and am currently an Assistant Professor of Monetary Economics at the University of St Gallen in Switzerland. He is also affiliated with the CEPR in London. To this point, his work has been published in JME and the JIE. For more details see: https://mwolfunisg.github.io/website/